Nicolas steno relative dating
This principle allows us to piece together the succession of fossil life that defines much of the geologic time scale. And we know of many more causes, from tectonics to intrusions, that can tilt and fold rocks.
"Materials forming any stratum were continuous over the surface of the Earth unless some other solid bodies stood in the way."This principle allowed Steno to link identical rocks on opposite sides of a river valley and deduce the history of events (mostly erosion) that separated them.
At the beginning of 1675, he decided to become a priest.
Four months after, he was ordained in the Catholic clergy in Easter 1675.
(dark brown) Flat lying sedimentary rocks were eventually precipitated.
Importantly he questioned explanations for tear production, the idea that fossils grew in the ground and explanations of rock formation.
His investigations and his subsequent conclusions on fossils and rock formation have led scholars to consider him one of the founders of modern stratigraphy and modern geology.
Today we apply this principle across the Grand Canyon—even across oceans to link continents that once were adjoined. in the plane of the [crystal] axis both the number and the length of the sides are changed in various ways without changing the angles."The other principles are often called Steno's Laws, but this one stands alone at the foundation of crystallography.
"If a body or discontinuity cuts across a stratum, it must have formed after that stratum."This principle is essential in studying all kinds of rocks, not just sedimentary ones. It explains just what it is about mineral crystals that make them distinct and identifiable even when their overall shapes may differ—the angles between their faces.